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On May 8, India’s defence minister Rajnath Singh inaugurated an 80-km-long road link from Dharchula(Uttarakhand) to Lipulekh(China border) connecting a 3-way junction with China and Tibet. Source
Immediately, Nepal protested against the inauguration of roads alleging of crossing its territory. Days later, Prime Minister Khadga Prasad Sharma Oli issued a new political map including Himalayan territory : Limpiyadhura, Lipulekh and Kalapani, in accordance with the 1816 Sugauli Treaty following Anglo-Nepalese(Gurkha) war.
On May 20, a new map of Nepal was made public by Land Minister Padma Aryal, six months after India unveiled its new political map placing Kalapani within its border. The Nepalese Government said the new map will be printed in school, colleges, textbooks, official documents and will be used for all the administrative purposes. And after a month, the House of representatives of Nepal has passed a constitution amendment bill for changing the map of Nepal.
With the inclusion of 335 square kilometres of land, Nepal’s total area is now 147,516 square kilometres, up from 147,181 square kilometres, said authorities.But after talking with India, will the new map of Nepal with those territories be the original one or have to go back to the previous one, Who knows?
In response, India rejected the political new map of Nepal. The official spokesperson Mr. Anurag Srivastara said “The house of representatives of Nepal has passed a constitution amendment bill for changing the map of nepal to include parts of Indian territory. We have already made our position clear on this matter “ . Also “The artificial enlargement of claims is not based on historical evidence and is not tenable. It is also violative of our current understanding to hold talks on outstanding boundary issues”. Source
The Army chief Geher MM Narvana said - “There is reason to believe that they might have raised the issue at the behest of someone else and that is very much a possibility”. But Nepalese Foreign Minister Pradeep Kumar Gyawali rejected rumors of Nepal acting under the command of China, adding that Nepal has sufficient evidence to prove its recent territorial claims.
The disputes between neighbouring countries have escalated as the cartographic war has been imputed. However, China hasn't commented on these ongoing issues.
This is not the first cartography disputes between these neighbouring countries. Indian roads weren't built overnight , and the Nepal government was surely aware of these. As the people of Nepal are on the ground against Prime Minister Khadga Sharma Oli , those allegations were pointed out and the disputes are escalating. Is this just another distraction for a bigger political agenda?
During 2014 Prime Minister Modi’s Nepal visit, both governments were supposed to discuss those territories issue, and again in November last year Nepal convened and alleged India for not coming out with the conclusion.
Eventually, in the statement, India’s External Affairs Ministry had, for the first time, acknowledged that preparations were ongoing to hold talks at the foreign secretary level and that a date could be finalised once the Covid-19 emergency was over. Hope, this time they will come out with a concrete resolution.